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> > > Henri Matisse: Drawing with Scissors. Late Works 1950-1954

1 April 2005

Colin Hambrook reviews a touring exhibition by one of the most important French painters of the 20th century

A series of coloured squares, which represent the abstracted form of a snail

Henri Matisse: 'The Snail' 1953 © Succession H. Matisse / DACS 2014

I recently caught the touring exhibition of Matisse's lithographs at Victoria Art Gallery in Bath and found myself pondering the effect that Disability Arts is having on the approach curators take when putting exhibitions together.

The collection of lithographs was prepared under Matisse's direction, very shortly before his death in 1954. The images are carefully rendered copies of the cut-outs he made using scissors and coloured gouache paper. It was a technique Matisse had been developing since 1941, when he fell ill and became a wheelchair user.

I was excited by the fact that the supporting material presented the artist's impairment in a positive light. It wouldn't have happened five or 10 years ago. A photograph shows Matisse in a wheelchair, scissors and paper in hand. He is in the process of creating cut-outs for The Parakeet and the Mermaid.

Behind the artist a wall is filled with an assemblage of the forms, which make up the finished work. There is maybe nothing unusual there but, instead of the supporting text either saying nothing about the artist's disability or presenting him as a tragic genius, it describes how Matisse was guided towards making this work as a natural development. 

To my knowledge the cut-outs - which Matisse is most remembered for - have never been discussed in an exhibition before as having been made as a direct result of impairment issues.

The technique was an obvious choice as it meant he could work at a table with his ideas for bringing colour and shape together, fermenting in his mind, using scissors as a drawing tool. With reference to this, Matisse said: The paper cut-out allows me to draw in the colour … instead of drawing the outline and putting the colour inside it …I draw straight into the colour.

The exhibition consists of 40 colour lithographs, printed by the Mourlot and Draeger Brothers and published in the form of a limited edition artist's book entitled Verve by Tériade in 1958, four years after the artist's death. It includes many of Matisse's iconic images, including The Snail - the original is owned by Tate Collection and usually on display at London's Tate Modern - as well as the Blue Nudes.

Curating from a disability perspective is an important and powerful challenge and one that I hope will become more widespread. As I was walking around I overheard a woman talking to her friend. I had no idea he was confined to a wheelchair. What a shame. I suppose this was all he could do, she said.

The intensity of Matisse's vision and the level of achievement he realised went over her head. But his issues as an artist are exposed in a way that engages with disability. It's a healthy exposure, which I believe promises to help raise the debate about disability arts in the long run.

Matisse Late Works 1950-1954. Verve No 35-36, 1958

A cut-out made using blue gouache coloured paper against a white background. The form is a stylised figure of a nude woman. Her

Henri Matisse La Chevelure (Flowing Hair), 1952 Gouache découpée, Arts Council Collection © Succession Henri Matisse/DACS 2016

The French painter, sculptor and designer Henri Matisse (1869-1954) was one of the 20th century's most influential artists. His vibrant works are celebrated for their extraordinary richness and luminosity of colour.

The lithographic reproductions in the exhibition are taken from a special double issue of Verve, a review of art and literature, published in 1958 by Tériade, a major publisher of livres d'artiste, fine books illustrated by the original graphic work of contemporary artists.

TOUR DATES
30 April - 5 June 2005
Kingston Museum, Wheatfield Way, Kingston upon Thames KT1 2PS
Opening hours: daily 10am to 5pm except Wednesday and Sunday
Tel: 020 8546 5386

20 August - 18 September 2005
The Brindley, High Street, Runcorn, Cheshire WA7 1BG

 

11 June - 10 July 2005
Farnham Maltings, Bridge Square, Farnham, Surrey GU9 7QR
Tel: 01252 726234 (box office)

 

16 July - 14 August 2005
Nature in Art, Museum and Art Gallery, Wallsworth Hall, Twigworth, Gloucester GL2 9PA
Tel: 0845 450 0233

Tel: 0151 907 8360|
Email: http://thebrindley@halton.gov.uk">thebrindley@halton.gov.uk

 

24 September - 23 October 2005

York College, Tadcaster Road, York
Tel: 01904 770400
 

29 October 2005 - 8 January 2006
Falmouth Art Gallery, Municipal Buildings, The Moor, Falmouth, Cornwall TR11 4SN
Tel: 01326 313863

Comments

Wright Salisbury

/
18 March 2012

I have owned a lithographed copy (NOT a stone lithograph) of Matiisse's "Creole Dancer" for over 50 years. It was my first art purchase and hangs in my house today.

For many years I didn't know what it represented and thought it might be a picture of a plant. Imagine my surprise many years later when I happened to look at the title and discovered it was a creole dancer. I must admit that knowing the subject of the painting greatly increased my appreciation of it.

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